Is a paper written and published in the Nov 2010 edition of Mol Med Report that examines some of the scientific research that focuses on the traditionally ascribed properties. For example on the anti-inflammatory properties they say;
“The flowers of chamomile contain 1–2% volatile oils including alpha-bisabolol, alpha-bisabolol oxides A & B, and matricin -usually converted to chamazulene and other flavonoids which possess anti-inflammatory and antiphlogistic properties -12, 19, 35, 36-. A study in human volunteers demonstrated that chamomile flavonoids and essential oils penetrate below the skin surface into the deeper skin layers -37-. This is important for their use as topical antiphlogistic -anti-inflammatory- agents. One of chamomile’s anti-inflammatory activities involve the inhibition of LPS-induced prostaglandin E-2- release and attenuation of cyclooxygenase -COX-2- enzyme activity without affecting the constitutive form, COX-1 -38-.”
Some of the compounds actually do have anti-inflammatory properties and the oil can get to the deeper layers of the skin. We know these specific cellular interactions are likely involved.
Chamomile is also traditionally used for digestion and is considered gentle enough to be used even in very young children.
“An apple pectin-chamomile extract may help shorten the course of diarrhea in children as well as relieve symptoms associated with the condition -47-. Two clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy of chamomile for the treatment of colic in children. Chamomile tea was combined with other herbs -German chamomile, vervain, licorice, fennel, balm mint- for administration. In a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 68 healthy term infants who had colic -2 to 8 weeks old- received either herbal tea or placebo -glucose, flavoring-. Each infant was offered treatment with every bout of colic, up to 150 mL/dose, no more than three times a day. After 7 days of treatment, parents reported that the tea eliminated the colic in 57% of the infants, whereas placebo was helpful in only 26% -P-0.01-. No adverse effects with regard to the number of nighttime awakenings were noted in either group -48-. Another study examined the effects of a chamomile extract and apple pectin preparation in 79 children -age 0.5–5.5 y- with acute, non-complicated diarrhea who received either the chamomile/pectin preparation -n = 39- or a placebo -n = 40- for 3 days. Diarrhea ended sooner in children treated with chamomile and pectin -85%-, than in the placebo group -58%- -49-. These results provide evidence that chamomile can be used safely to treat infant colic disorders.”
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